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Technical fibers

Here are a scheme where the major textile fibers classified according to their nature:

 

  1. Fibras Naturales

 

1.1 Vegetales

Algodón

Lino

Ramio

Yute

Cáñamo

 

1.2. Animales

Lana

Mohnair

Cachemira

Pelo de camello

Pelo de Alpaca

Pelo de Llama

Pelo de Angora

Seda

 

1.3. Minerales

Amianto

Fibra de vidrio

Fibra de carbono

 

  

 

  1. Fibras Químicas

 

2.1. Fibras artificiales o de polímero natural

 

2.1.1. Fibras celulósicas regeneradas

Fibra viscosa

Fibra Cupro

Fibra Modal

2.1.2. Fibras de acetato o triacetato

 

2.2. Fibras sintéticas o de polímero sintético

 

2.2.1 Fibras de poliamida

Poliamidas

Aramidas

 

2.2.2. Fibras de poliéster

2.2.3. Fibras acrílicas

2.2.4. Fibras de polipropileno

2.2.5. Fibras de elastano    

2.2.6. Clorofibras

 

 

Of course within a fiber classification can find different varieties of the same, in the case of cotton, for example, depending on the time of collection or dyeing treatment, we find different varieties.

And in the case of polyester, the possibilities found growing daily through extrusion technology used in its synthesis.

This is where we introduce the concept technical fabric that characterizes this section of our company.

A technical fabric that can be defined as tissue that has been designed to meet a specific functional requirement, we can say that would be part of what is now known as smart materials.

A smart material has the ability to interact with the environment and / or provide responses to external stimuli. As an example, a smart material is one that against the action of an external stimulus such as a change can be temperature, humidity, light, pressure, ... is able to give an answer. Traditional material would not interact with the environment.

The technical weaving is mainly based on the use of new chemical fibers confer properties that allow previously unthinkable for a tissue.

It is difficult at this point to separate clearly entered what would be a technical fabric and traditional cloth with a specific use, but let's narrow the definition and a priori not be considered technical fabric made with fibers that traditional finishes which give them certain properties.

Therefore, we will try to detail the most widely fibers which controlled synthesis, let give final properties to fabrics made from them.

We hope the information outlined below to serve you to get an idea of ​​the variety of fibers that have been synthesized. This information has been collected through various sources and information from commercial (no detailed information) and continually be affected by new synthesis processes developed by manufacturers and new technologies used.