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Textile fibers:


Name and description of the textile fibers.

 

Designations

Fibre description

1. Wool.

Fiber shearing of the sheep (Ovis aries).

2. Alpaca, llama, camel, cashmere, mohair, angora, vicuna, jack, guanaco, cashgora, beaver, otter, followed or not by the name wool or hair (1).

Hair of the following animals: alpaca, llama, camel, goat cashmere, angora goat, angora rabbit, vicuna, yak, guanaco, cashgora goat (goat crossing cashmere and angora goat), beaver, otter.

3. Hair, or horsehair, with or without an indication of the species (eg cattle hair, common goat hair, horsehair.

Hair of the various animals other than those referred to in points 1 and 2.

4. Silk.

Fiber obtained exclusively from silk-secreting insects.

5. Cotton

Fiber obtained from the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium).

6. Miraguano.

Fiber obtained from the inside of the kapok fruit (Ceiba pentandra).

7. Linen.

Fiber obtained from the bast of flax (Linum usitatissimum).

8. Hemp.

Fiber that comes from the bast of hemp (Cannabis sativa).

9. Jute.

Bast fiber obtained Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. For the purposes of these Regulations, shall be considered as jute bast fibers come from: cananbinus Hibiscus, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Abutilon avicennae, Urena lobata, Urena situata.

10. Abacá.

Fiber obtained from the sheathing leaf of Musa textilis.

11. Esparto.

Fiber obtained from the leaves of Stipa tenacissima.

12. coco.

Fiber obtained from the fruit of Cocos nucifera.

13. Retama.

Fiber obtained from the bast of Cytisus scoparius and / or Spartium junceun.

14. ramie

Fiber obtained from the bast of Boehmeria nivea and Boehmeria tenacissima.

15. Sisal.

Fiber obtained from the leaves of Agave sisalana.

16. Sunn.

Fiber obtained from the bast of Crotalaria juncea.

17. Henequen.

Fiber obtained from the bast of Agave fourcroydes.

18. Maguey.

Fiber obtained from the bast of Agave cantala.

19. Acetate.

Cellulose acetate fiber of which less than 92% but at least 74% of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated.

20. Alginate.

Fiber obtained from metallic salts of alginic acid.

21. Cupro.

Regenerated cellulose fiber obtained by the cuprammonium process.

22. Modal.

Regenrada cellulose fiber obtained by a modified viscose process having a high breaking force and high wet modulus. The breaking force (Bc) in the conditioned state and the force (BM) required to produce an elongation of 5% in the wet state are such features as:
Bc (centinewtons) 1.3 T + 2T.
BM (centinewtons) 0.5 T.
Where T is the mean linear density in decitex.

23. Protein.

Fiber obtained from natural protein substances regenerated and stabilized through the action of chemical agents.

24. Triacetate.

Cellulose acetate fiber wherein at least 92% of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated.

25. Viscose.

Fiber formed linear macromolecules whose chain comprises at least 50% by mass of vinyl chloride monomer or vinylidene chloride.

26. Acrylic.

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain at least 85% by mass of acrylonitrile group.

27. Chlorofibre.

Fiber formed linear macromolecules whose chain is constituted as more than 50% by mass of vinyl chloride monomer or vinylidene chloride.

28. Fluorofibre.

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules made from fluorocarbon aliphatic monoómeros.

29. Modacrylic.

Fiber formed linear macromolecules chain in more than 50% and less than 85% by mass of acrylonitrile reason.

30. Polyamide or nylon.

Fiber synthetic linear macromolecules having in the chain recurring amide functional groups attached at least 85%, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic groups.

31. Aramid.

Fiber formed from synthetic linear macromolecules of aromatic groups linked together by amide bonds and imide directly linked, at least 85%, to two aromatic rings and with the number of imide bonds, if any, can not exceed that of unioones amide.

32. Polyimide.

Fiber synthetic linear macromolecules having in the chain recurring imide functional groups.

33. Lyocell (2)

Regenerated cellulose fiber obtained by a method of dissolving and spinning in organic solvent without the formation of byproducts.

33. polylactide

Fiber formed linear macromolecules having in its chain at least 85% (by mass) of lactic acid esters of derivatives of natural sugars, with a melting temperature of at least 135 ° C.

34. Polyester.

Fiber formed linear macromolecules present in the chain at least 85% by mass of an ester diol and terephthalic acid.

35. Polyethylene.

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, substituted.

36. Polypropylene.

Fiber formed linear macromolecules alifáficos saturated hydrocarbon, in which one of every two carries a methyl carbon in an isotactic disposition and without further substitution.

37. Polycarbamide.

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain the recurring ura functional group (NH-CO-NH).

38. Polyurethane.

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain repeticón urethane functional group.

39. vinyl

Fiber formed of linear macromolecules whose chain comprises polyvinyl alcohol with varying degree of acetylation.

40. Trivinyl.

Fiber formed of acrylonitrile terpolymer, a chlorinated vinyl monomer and a third monomer, none of which represents 50% of the total mass.

41. Elastodiene.

Elastofibre composed of natural or polyisoprene orelse simtético, orelse for more dienes polymerised with or without one or more vinyl monomers, stretched by a tensile force up to three times its original length, recovers rapidly and substantially the length from the time ceases to apply the traction force.

42. Spandex.

Elastofibre composed of at least 85% by mass of polyurethane segmental, elongated by a pulling force up to three times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to this length, from the moment that ceases to apply traction force d.

43. Textile glass.

Constituted by glass fiber.

44. Name corresponding to the material of which the fibers are composed, eg metal (metallic, metallic), asbestos, paper (pulp and paper), followed or not by the word thread or fiber

Fibers obtained from various materials or new antriormente than those mentioned.

45. Elastomultiester.

Fiber formed by interaction of two or more chemically distinct linear macromolecules in two or more distinct phases (none of which exceeds 85% by mass) containing ester groups as dominant functional unit (85% minimum) and, after suitable treatment when stretched to one and a half times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial length.

46. Elastolefin.

Fiber composed of at least 95% (by mass) of partially crosslinked macromolecules formed from ethylene and at least one other olefin and which, when stretched to one and a half times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its original length.

47. Melamine.

Fiber formed from at least 85 mass% of crosslinked macromolecules composed of melamine derivatives.